More than a million black people face an increased risk of cancer and asthma thanks to air pollution resulting from oil refineries or natural gas facilities in their backyards, a troubling new report has found.
The report, released by the NAACP on Tuesday in partnership with the Clean Air Task Force and the National Medical Association, takes a first-of-its-kind look at how black communities—especially those living near industrial activity—are impacted by air pollution.
Air spewing out of oil and gas facilities can contain methane, which contributes to smog formation and the warming of the atmosphere; benzene, a carcinogenic compound; and other volatile organic compounds, which add to the smog problem and can irritate the lungs.
The report’s data comes from two previous reports from the Clean Air Task Force. These reports used the Environmental Protection Agency’s National Emissions Inventory to break up emissions and where they’re coming from in a community. This time around, the collaboration focused specifically on black communities.
“The main takeaway is that communities that live near oil and gas facilities are suffering real health impacts, but the impact is not limited to those communities,” said Lesley Fleischman, a research analyst with the Clean Air Task Force that co-authored the report, to Earther. “Air pollution is affecting communities across the country, and African American communities are particularly impacted.”
Across the entire U.S. black population, the report attributes 100,000 missed school days each year to ozone smog from natural gas infrastructure such as drilling sites, as well as about 138,000 asthma attacks. Black Americans already suffer disproportionately from asthma, and experts say it’ll only get worse as industries continue to enter their communities without emission standards improving.
These impacts tend to concentrate. Texas and Louisiana are home to many black communities that see not only high levels of oil and gas production, but also high levels of asthma and cancer risk. Across the East Coast as well, the report shows that high rates of asthma attacks overlap with oil and gas production.
But the association is not always so clear-cut: In Ohio, nearly 200,000 black people, or 19 percent of the state’s black population, live within a half-mile radius of oil and gas facilities. However, Ohio didn’t see health impacts that compared to those of states like Texas or Louisiana.
Overall, the authors say their estimate for the number of African Americans at risk due to oil and gas pollution likely downplays the true severity of the situation.
“We tried to isolate the impacts specifically from oil and gas facilities, but that’s just from the facilities themselves,” said Fleischman. “That doesn’t even take into account pollution from the increased truck traffic or trains or the water pollution.”
The co-author hopes that this report will shed light on the threats black people in the U.S. are facing as the Trump administration attempts to roll back environmental protections the Obama administration put in place. The way Fleischman sees it, common-sense, low-cost solutions exist to reduce emissions and protect Americans’ health. These include requiring companies to conduct frequent leak detections and repair surveys to avoid unnecessary emissions of air pollutants from leaks.
“We should be doing everything we can to do that,” Fleischman said.